Kaarlo Tuori


Description of research and teaching

In general jurisprudence, my main works are Critical Legal Positivism (Ashgate 2002) and Ratio and Voluntas (Ashgate 2011). In Critical Legal Positivism I try to develop a view of modern law, based on two distinctions: a distinction between law as a symbolic-normative phenomenon (a legal order) and law as legal practices, and a distinction within the legal order between its surface level and its sub-surface, legal cultural layers.

Ratio and Voluntas is elaborates further the view of modern law articulated Critical Legal Positivism. Now this view has been detached from its nation-state moorings. I examine the various guises the tension between ratio and voluntas has adopted in the course of legal modernisation and in the development of modern law. I also explore the role of legal scholarship in accomplishing the tasks of ratio as well as the way the ratio’s tension with voluntas is manifested in constitutional law.

Since mid-2000s, my research has focused on theoretical issues of European law and constitution. Within the Centre of Excellence in Research on the Foundations of European Law and Polity (2008-2013), I developed an approach termed the many constitutions of Europe (see Tuori, Kaarlo – Sankari, Suvi (eds.): The Many Constitutions of Europe. Ashgate  2010). The basic idea is to examine the European constitution as a differentiated process of constitutionalisation (see the introductory essay in Tuori – Sankari 2010). After the end of the CoE, I continued my research within my chair as Academy Professor.

After publishing texts on various dimensions of the European constitution (see, e.g., Tuori, Kaarlo – Tuori, Klaus: The Eurozone Crisis: A Constitutional Analysis, CUP 2014), I composed   a synthesis of my recent research on European constitutionalism (European Constitutionalism, CUP 2015). I also tried to insert European constitutionalism in the more general framework of transnational law (see my chapter in Maduro, Miguel – Tuori, Kaarlo – Sankari, Suvi: Transnational Law: Rethinking European Law and Legal Thinking, CUP 2014, forthcoming).

After completing my foray to European law, I have returned to legal theory. My intention is to enrich my general view of law with the lessons I have learned during my foray to European law and constitutionalism. My aim is to publish a monograph in legal theory in 2018. The tentative title is The Kaleidoscope of Law.

Further information on the affiliationProfessor emeritus since 01/=1/2016

Curriculum Vitae

Latest publications

  1. Oikeus: vallan pidäke vai väline

    Tuori, K. H., 19 Dec 2018, In : Lakimies. 116, 7-8, p. 1047-1051 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientific

  2. Whose voluntas, what ratio? Law in state tradition

    Tuori, K. H., Oct 2018, In : International Journal of Constitutional Law. 16, 4, p. 1164-1175 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

  3. From pluralism to perspectivism

    Tuori, K. H., 25 May 2018, Research Handbook on Legal Pluralism and EU Law. Davies, G. & Avbelj, M. (eds.). Cheltenham: Edward Edgar, p. 39-56 18 p. (Research Handbooks in European Law).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

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Latest activities

  1. The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and the Weak Social Constitution?

    Kaarlo Tuori (Speaker: Presenter)
    5 Dec 2014

    Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesOrganisation and participation in conferences, workshops, courses, seminars

  2. Hart Publishing (Publisher)

    Kaarlo Tuori (Reviewer)
    30 Nov 20147 Dec 2014

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  3. Korkeimpien oikeuksien tuomareiden yhdistyksen (KOTY) vuosikokous

    Kaarlo Tuori (Speaker: Keynote)
    20 Nov 2014

    Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesOrganisation and participation in conferences, workshops, courses, seminars

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